His choreography honors that of the original ballet in its sensuous waves and ripples, as well as its narrative. Its costume and scenic designs even inspired and influenced many fashions of the time in years to come. Translated, “Belle-Epoque” means, “the good times,” and was a period of industry and optimism in which “the pursuit of pleasure supposedly eclipsed social, economic, and political concerns.”[14] Orientalism was at the height of its vogue in Europe and Ballet Russes sought to bring the East (or the Westernized stereotype) to the West so audiences could live out their exotic fantasies without fear of social consequences. SCHEHERAZADE: Ansermet/Suisse Romande Orchestra, RIMSKY KORSAKOV, NICOLAI: Amazon.ca: Music ... listen to the different ways Rimsky scores the same E major chord in the first movement of 'Scheherazade' - on this recording every register change tells. The first movement is titled “The Sea and Sinbad’s Ship” in reference to the famous Middle Eastern folk hero of the same name, but Rimsky-Korsakov intentionally leaves references to the story fairly vague, inviting us to supply specific details about which of Sinbad’s many voyages is Scheherazade, also spelled Sheherazade, orchestral suite by Russian composer Nicolay Rimsky-Korsakov that was inspired by the collection of largely Middle Eastern and Indian tales known as The Thousand and One Nights (or The Arabian Nights). [1], This orchestral work combines two features typical of Russian music in general and of Rimsky-Korsakov in particular: dazzling, colorful orchestration and an interest in the East, which figured greatly in the history of Imperial Russia, as well as orientalism in general. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, List of compositions by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, "Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov, Scheherazade, Symphonic Suite for Orchestra, op. Imbued with exotic New Eastern moods and the subtle flavor of Russian folk music, this lyrical masterpiece — a staple of the or Exotic gestures are used as well as erotic back bends that expose the ribs and highlight the chest. The night passed by and Scheherazade stopped in the middle. These extra numbers have made the rehearsal process much easier. 4 6 .. hk»∞§ Allegro non troppo Repeat as needed until Kirby family enters œ 3 œœœ 3 œœœ 3 #œ œœœœœ 3 œ #œ œ 2 œ 3 œœœ 3 œœœ 3 #œ œœœœœ Tracklist . My original LP of Scheherazade was played until it disintegrated, but thirty-five years on the music, now more robustly preserved on CD, still unfailingly evokes the same fantastic images: a wonderful palliative against the stresses of modern life. Bakst, who designed the sets and costumes for Scheherazade, viewed the stage as a three-dimensional landscape in which dancers, sets, and costumes were all of equal importance. by, London Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Leopold Stokowski (violin –. For this version, billowing fabrics overhead and a textured backdrop are suited to evoke mood changes as the lighting shifts. Ben Fryxell is a cellist from Cincinnati and a first-year Fellow at the New World Symphony. So, the king spared her life for one day to finish the story the next night. 'Scheherazade,' 1001 Nights Retold in a Symphony For centuries, storytellers of the Middle East have been retelling the tales of Sinbad and Aladdin. Scheherazade, Op. But according to legend, the first was a young bride named Scheherazade. [5], Initially, Rimsky-Korsakov intended to name the respective movements in Scheherazade "Prelude, Ballade, Adagio and Finale". The theme of the sultan, now somewhat less foreboding, introduces the agitated finale, “Festival at Baghdad; the Sea; the Ship Goes to Pieces on a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior,” which revisits and recasts many of the themes from the preceding movements. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Notes in his autograph orchestral score show that the former was completed between June 4 and August 7, 1888. The Ballet Russes premiered in Paris as the conservative theatres of Russia would not support or approve of the portrayal of such risqué ideas, but in Paris it was a hit. [4], This theme emphasizes four notes of a descending whole tone scale: E-D-C-B♭[9] (each note is a down beat, i.e. "[22], Artistic Director of Les Ballets de Monte Carlo, Jean-Christophe Maillot, reinterpreted Fokine’s Scheherazade in 2009; the same year Alonzo King premiered his work. 35: A1: First Movement - The Sea And Sinbad's Ship: A2: Second Movement - The Story Of The Kalender Prince: B1: Third Movement - The Young Prince And The Young Princess: B2: Fourth Movement - The Festival Of Bagdad; The Sea; The Ship Goes To Pieces On A Rock Surmounted By A Bronze Warrior One of the world's most beloved symphonic compositions, Scheherazade is a shimmering, evocative musical treatment of the legend of the sultan's wife who staved off certain death by entertaining her husband with fascinating stories for 1,001 nights. Since his teenage years, he has been a regular presence on the concert stage. In moments throughout the ballet, non-Western forms can be seen through the rhythm of the movement, as well as the quick level changes from grounded to upright. It is considered Rimsky-Korsakov's most popular work.[2]. Allegro molto. The earliest forms of Scheherazade's name in Arabic sources include Shirazad (شيرازاد, Šīrāzād) in Masudi, and Shahrazad in Ibn al-Nadim.. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [11], The movements are unified by the short introductions in the first, second and fourth movements, as well as an intermezzo in the third. The first movement, “The Sea and Sindbad’s Ship,” starts with the deep, formidable “voice” of the sultan in the winds and strings, calling for his newest wife to entertain him; Scheherazade, represented by a light, lyrical solo violin melody, begins to develop her tale. This, along with his signature orchestration style of simplistic melodies, assembled rhythms, and talent for soloistic writing allowed for such a piece as Scheherazade to be written. [5] [11], Lento – Andantino – Allegro molto – Vivace scherzando – Moderato assai – Allegro molto ed animato (B minor), This movement follows a type of ternary theme and variation and is described as a fantastic narrative. As this wild spectacle reaches its climax, the sea music from the first movement returns with the logic of a dream, and we witness the catastrophe of the shipwreck (a reference to the third Kalandar Prince’s tale). His most famous composition is The Flight of the Bumblebee. The waves subside, and Scheherazade’s violin solo rises high above the low, slumbering melody of Shahryar. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The first movement, titled The Sea and Sinbad's Ship, opens with the growling chords that represent the Sultan, followed by the sinuous solo violin melody that depicts Scheherazade weaving her tales. Although similar in form to the classical symphony, the movement is more similar to the variety of motives used in one of Rimsky-Korsakov's previous works, Antar. The first movement is spacious music—call it Prelude, call it “The Sea and Sinbad’s Ship,” or simply Allegro non troppo. They are less reminiscent of the ornate, exotic harems the original ballet portrays and are instead gauzier and lightweight. The first movement gives a strong impression of the sea, complete with the swell of ocean breezes, the roll of the waves and the adventurous call of foreign ports. The first movement of Scheherazade was used as an overture and the third was excised altogether. Storytellers of the Middle East have been retelling the tales of Sinbad and Aladdin. The second movement, The Story of the Prince-Kalandar, contains a bassoon melody as well as a brass fanfare that are both developed through the movement and brought back in the finale. Ironically, the crew is so captivated by Hardison's playing of the solo in the fourth movement that they stop still during the robbery to listen. Scheherazade flipped the conventions of classical ballet through the redirection of audiences’ focus from the grace and beauty of female bodies to male prowess and sensuality. Video – Arlington High School Tiger Band (Arlington, TN) 2015 – Scheherazade: Arabian Nights, Scheherazade – 2017 Synthesized Electronica (41:05), Video – Alonzo King LINES Ballet – "Scheherazade" Ballet (excerpt), Video – Les Ballets de Monte Carlo – "Scheherazade" Ballet (excerpt), The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade, Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scheherazade_(Rimsky-Korsakov)&oldid=1000322990, Music based on One Thousand and One Nights, Articles with dead external links from November 2010, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by Leopold Stokowski (Victor Recording, 1934; re-released, Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera, conducted by, Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by Leopold Stokowski (1962 (live recording), Guild GHCD 2403, distr. Rimsky-Korsakov, renowned as a virtuoso of orchestral coloration, recognized in these tales an ideal realm in which to give free rein to his abilities. Sergei Prokofiev wrote a Fantasia on Scheherazade for piano (1926), which he recorded on piano roll. This remarkable four-movement, 48-minute work for solo violin, orchestra, and cimbalom (a hammered dulcimer) packs quite a wallop. The delicate third movement is perhaps the simplest of all four in terms of structure, harmony and melody. The name "Scheherazade" refers to the main character Scheherazade of the One Thousand and One Nights. While discussing Scheherazade, Sophie says she was the first "grifter", being able to make the king fail to keep his murderous vow and then to make him fall for her. 35", "Alonzo King LINES Ballet: Classic Meets Contemporary at the Joyce Theater", "Dance Review: Alonzo King's 'Scheherazade' Ballet", "U.S. figure skater Evan Lysacek wins gold medal", "Meryl Davis and Charlie White's gasp-inducing performance in winning ice dancing gold", International Music Score Library Project, Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade (Beecham-EMI). . From there, the process went more smoothly. The suite is bound together by a recurring motive, a bewitching melody sung by the solo violin: the voice of Scheherazade. Rather, King focuses on Shahryar’s final relationship with Scheherazade herself and the development of his love for her through her storytelling. 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