In English, anákrousis translates literally as "pushing up". Meaning "regular route travelled by someone" is attested from 1731, also "a track made by animals" (1736), from the sense of the "beat" of the feet on the ground (late Old English), or perhaps that in beat the bushes to flush game (c. 1400), or beat the bounds (1560s). Subdivision begins two levels below the beat level: starting with a quarter note or a dotted quarter note, subdivision begins when the note is divided into sixteenth notes. As a background against which to compare these various rhythms a bass drum strike on the downbeat and a constant eighth note subdivision on ride cymbal have been added, which would be counted as follows (bold denotes a stressed beat): So "off-beat" is a musical term, commonly applied to syncopation that emphasizes the weak even beats of a bar, as opposed to the usual on-beat. As beats are combined to form measures, each beat is divided into parts. Divisions which require numbers, t… An unaccented beat or beats that occur before the first beat of a measure. A beat is best described as the pace, tempo or the timing that it takes to play a particular piece of music. This is the British English definition of beat.View American English definition of beat. [14] An early record with an emphasised back beat throughout was "Good Rockin' Tonight" by Wynonie Harris in 1948. The unit division of musical time is called a beat. An example of beat is the rhythmic noise played on a drum. The upbeat is the last beat in the previous bar which immediately precedes, and hence anticipates, the downbeat. [7] Early funk music often delayed one of the backbeats so as "to give a 'kick' to the [overall] beat". This is a fundamental technique of African polyrhythm that transferred to popular western music. Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat is a popular music genre, influenced by rock and roll, skiffle, and traditional pop music, that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s. Thus, simple duple (2/4, 4/4, 2/2, etc. fluctuation, oscillation, vibration. The downbeat has an implied accent, making it stand out from other beats. Man, that is just the kind of beat I like. The downbeat is the first beat of the bar, i.e. Beat - Idioms by The Free Dictionary. [citation needed] Similarly Fred Maddox's characteristic backbeat, a slapping bass style, helped drive a rhythm that came to be known as rockabilly, one of the early forms of rock and roll. [citation needed] A distinctive back beat can be heard on "Back Beat Boogie" by Harry James And His Orchestra, recorded in late 1939. beat - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Musical symbols are marks and symbols used since about the 13th century in musical notation of musical scores.Some are used to notate pitch, tempo, metre, duration, and articulation of a note or a passage of music. Think of the beat as the music’s skeleton. It’s considered part of a rhythm and is the repeating and ongoing pulse in all music. [10] Certain genres tend to emphasize the off-beat, where this is a defining characteristic of rock'n'roll and ska music. number 1. 2 hit "Freight Train Boogie" in 1946, as well as in other boogie songs they recorded. The effect can be easily simulated by evenly and repeatedly counting to four. [22], Cross-rhythm. Corrections? Change your default dictionary to American English. In terms of number of definitions, it’s hard to beat this little word. quiver, tremble, tremor. In the mid-1940s "hillbilly" musicians the Delmore Brothers were turning out boogie tunes with a hard driving back beat, such as the No. A back beat, or backbeat, is a syncopated accentuation on the "off" beat. Joe: I made this beat inspired … Cleland, Kent D. and Dobrea-Grindahl, Mary (2013). Beat definition, to strike violently or forcefully and repeatedly. Music where the beat is split in two are in simple meter, music where the beat is split in three are called compound meter. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In a simple 44 rhythm these are beats 2 and 4. Another word for beat. [6], An anticipatory note or succession of notes occurring before the first barline of a piece is sometimes referred to as an upbeat figure, section or phrase. Think of the metronome on the piano going back and forth. View the pronunciation for beat. The crusis of a measure or a phrase is a beginning; it propels sound and energy forward, so the sound needs to lift and have forward motion to create a sense of direction. But it doesn’t matter if you don’t play an instrument or haven’t had music lessons before – here’s a simple explanation.. “ 3/4 beat in music” stands for the time signature symbol 3/4. When used in this way, the phrase is usually applied to police officers. moved to the beat of the music. In popular use, beat can refer to a variety of related concepts, including pulse, tempo, meter, specific rhythms, and groove. 1. Music where the beat is split in two are in simple meter, music where the beat is split in three are called compound meter. The second and fourth are weaker—the "off-beats". 2. Winold, Allen (1975). What does beat expression mean? See also metre; rhythm. Beat has always been an important part of music. See more. Also called anacrusis, pickup. [15] Although drummer Earl Palmer claimed the honor for "The Fat Man" by Fats Domino in 1949, which he played on, saying he adopted it from the final "shout" or "out" chorus common in Dixieland jazz, urban contemporary gospel was stressing the back beat much earlier with hand-clapping and tambourines. ), simple triple (3/4), compound duple (6/8), and compound triple (9/8). The top number tells you how many beats are allowed within each measure. Along with its many definitions, beat is featured in a wide variety of idioms. For example, a time signature of 4/4 indicates that a quarter note (1/4) is one full beat, and that there are 4 beats in each measure of the song. The difference between the rhythm and the beat in music can often cause confusion. The number and relative positions of accented and unaccented beats furnish the basis of proper metric articulation, with the strongest accent usually falling on the first beat … Extended to journalism by 1875. When something is uncool, lame, dumb, ugly, boring. When pulses are thus counted within a metric context, they are referred to as beats. beat phrase. [2] The beat is often defined as the rhythm listeners would tap their toes to when listening to a piece of music, or the numbers a musician counts while performing, though in practice this may be technically incorrect (often the first multiple level). Consonance results from the absence of beats, which occurs only when the ratio between the frequencies…. Definition of beat (Entry 2 of 4) 1 a : a single stroke or blow especially in a series a single beat on a drum also : pulsation, tick. [21], In today's popular music the snare drum is typically used to play the backbeat pattern. Developing Musicianship Through Aural Skills, "Beat: Accentuation. Music where two beats are combined is in duple meter, music where three beats are combined is in triple meter. When someone who produces music but not famously makes a beat tagging a very famous celebrity in it, with hopes that they will hear the beat and use it one day. An example of beat is the beating of a heart. ... [in music] the rhythm, especially the bass. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cooper, Grosvenor and Meyer, Leonard B. Meyer (1960). All Free. Definition and synonyms of beat from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. We're going to go through the dance routine once more—let's try to stay on the beat this time, people! 3 the recurrent pattern formed by a series of sounds having a regular rise and fall in intensity. Different pieces are written in different time signatures, and time signatures determine the value of a beat. Regularly patrolling a certain area. ... strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music "beat one's breast"; "beat one's foot rhythmically" beat (verb) be superior "Reading beats watching television"; "This sure beats work!" Beat definition: If you beat someone or something, you hit them very hard. [18], Some songs, such as The Beatles' "Please Please Me" and "I Want to Hold Your Hand", The Knack's "Good Girls Don't" and Blondie's cover of The Nerves' "Hanging on the Telephone", employ a double backbeat pattern. The downbeat is the first beat in a measure. [citation needed] There is a hand-clapping back beat on "Roll 'Em Pete" by Pete Johnson and Big Joe Turner, recorded in 1938. [16] Other early recorded examples include the final verse of "Grand Slam" by Benny Goodman in 1942 and some sections of The Glenn Miller Orchestra's "(I've Got A Gal In) Kalamazoo", while amateur direct-to-disc recordings of Charlie Christian jamming at Minton's Playhouse around the same time have a sustained snare-drum backbeat on the hottest choruses. The term anacrusis was borrowed from the field of poetry, in which it refers to one or more unstressed extrametrical syllables at the beginning of a line. 2. What does beat mean? Definition of beat in the Idioms Dictionary. [9] The downbeat can never be the off-beat because it is the strongest beat in 44 time. "[25][26], Basic unit of time in music and music theory, "Upbeat" redirects here. A Beat. The number and relative positions of accented and unaccented beats furnish the basis of proper metric articulation, with the strongest accent usually falling on the first beat after the bar line. Keeping time with the rhythm of a song. [5], In typical Western music 44 time, counted as "1 2 3 4, 1 2 3 4...", the first beat of the bar (downbeat) is usually the strongest accent in the melody and the likeliest place for a chord change, the third is the next strongest: these are "on" beats. Updates? [20] Maddox had used this style as early as 1937. Count: 1-2-3-4 … 1-2-3-4 … The 1 should be the loudest beat in your head, while 4 should be the weakest. Alternative expressions include "pickup" and "anacrusis" (the latter ultimately from Greek ana ["up towards"] and krousis ["strike"/"impact"] through French anacrouse). A rhythm in which the regular pattern of accents of the prevailing meter is contradicted by a conflicting pattern and not merely a momentary displacement that leaves the prevailing meter fundamentally unchallenged, A hyperbeat is one unit of hypermeter, generally a measure. [citation needed], Outside U.S. popular music, there are early recordings of music with a distinctive backbeat, such as the 1949 recording of Mangaratiba by Luiz Gonzaga in Brazil. beat noun (MUSIC) B2 [ C or U ] in music, a regular emphasis, or a place in the music where such an emphasis is expected: The guitar comes in on the third beat. As beats are combined to form measures, each beat is divided into parts. Search beat music and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. The beat is the steady pulse that you feel in the tune, like a clock’s tick. See more. This idea of directionality of beats is significant when you translate its effect on music. [17], Slap bass executions on the backbeat are found in styles of country western music of the 1930s, and the late '40s early '50s music of Hank Williams reflected a return to strong backbeat accentuation as part of the honky tonk style of country. Anything that is displeasuring. Synonyms for beat. Thus, simple duple (2/4, 4/4, 2/2, etc. 34 meanings of "beat", and other words that relate to it. Beatboxing definition, a musical style or technique, especially in hip-hop, in which the sounds and rhythms of percussion instruments or a drum machine are simulated by using the mouth and voice: We heard some amazing beatboxing last night. [5] Both terms correspond to the direction taken by the hand of a conductor. According to Grove Music, the "Offbeat is [often] where the downbeat is replaced by a rest or is tied over from the preceding bar". (i) Strong and weak beats", Riding the Rails to Stardom - The Maddox Brothers and Rose, "James Brown, the 'Godfather of Soul', Dies at 73", "Maceo Parker: The Hardest Working Sideman", "Lessons in listening – Concepts section: Fantasy, Earth Wind & Fire, The Best of Earth Wind & Fire Volume I, Freddie White", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beat_(music)&oldid=991039499, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 23:03. Beat, in music, the basic rhythmic unit of a measure, or bar, not to be confused with rhythm as such; nor is the beat necessarily identical with the underlying pulse of a given piece of music, which may extend over more than a single beat. Just as one is aware of the body’s steady pulse, or heartbeat, so in composing, performing, or listening to music one is aware of a periodic succession of beats.…, They may even beat their feet to mark it. [22] In a double backbeat, one of the off beats is played as two eighth notes rather than one quarter note. 1. [19] | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Beat can mean “hit repeatedly,” “stir vigorously,” or “defeat.” A beat can also be a rhythmic pulse, a physical blow, or a funky poet. ), simple triple (3/4), compound duple (6/8), and compound triple (9/8). Divisions which require numbers, tuplets (for example, dividing a quarter note into five equal parts), are irregular divisions and subdivisions. "in the old days a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by name" The nature of this combination and division is what determines meter. b : a sound produced by or as if by beating (see beat entry 1) dance to the beat of … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A "beat" is the standard measurement for a length of a piece of music. For other uses, see, "Backbeat" redirects here. In Western musical notation the number of beats to the measure is indicated by the upper figure of the time signature at the beginning of a musical composition, while the time value of each separate beat (e.g., a quarter or eighth note) is indicated by the lower figure. Find more ways to say beat, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. "Rhythm in Twentieth-Century Music". [13], "A big part of R&B's attraction had to do with the stompin' backbeats that make it so eminently danceable," according to the Encyclopedia of Percussion. Therefore, in order for meter to exist, some of the pulses in a series must be accented—marked for consciousness—relative to others. For other uses, see. Some music genres such as funk will in general de-emphasize the beat, while other such as disco emphasize the beat to accompany dance.[4]. Beats are related to and distinguished from pulse, rhythm (grouping), and meter: Meter is the measurement of the number of pulses between more or less regularly recurring accents. Definition of beat in the Definitions.net dictionary. An example of a beat is the tempo at which a conductor leads an orchestra to play. In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level[1] (or beat level). On the beat definition: A police officer on the beat is on duty , walking around the area for which he or she is... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples "Hypermeter is meter, with all its inherent characteristics, at the level where measures act as beats. ‘It was full of upbeat music, fast beats and swift rhythms.’ ‘People were drinking, shouting, singing along to the beat of the music, and dancing.’ ‘Honey strutted on the catwalk to the beat of the background music, smirking in her hot-pink party gown.’ ‘My fingers started tapping against my leg to the beat of the music.’ The anacrusis leads to the crusis, but doesn't have the same 'explosion' of sound; it serves as a preparation for the crusis. While there are many traditional African musics in which such a common reference pulse does exist, in several others the musicians in a group relate their parts to individual reference pulses, which can stand in various relations to one…, Dissonance is produced by beats (interference between pulsations of sound waves), and it is found that maximum dissonance occurs when the rate of beats between the two tones is about 33 per second. Music where two beats are combined is in duple meter, music where three beats are combined is in triple meter. Type Beat. https://www.britannica.com/art/beat-music. Beat is defined as a rhythmic movement, or is the speed at which a piece of music is played. Subdivisions (like eighth notes) that fall between the pulse beats are even weaker and these, if used frequently in a rhythm, can also make it "off-beat".[9]. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Beat, in music, the basic rhythmic unit of a measure, or bar, not to be confused with rhythm as such; nor is the beat necessarily identical with the underlying pulse of a given piece of music, which may extend over more than a single beat. Omissions? Meaning of beat. Rhythm in music is characterized by a repeating sequence of stressed and unstressed beats (often called "strong" and "weak") and divided into bars organized by time signature and tempo indications. Redirects here, dumb, ugly, boring ), simple triple ( 3/4 ), simple duple 2/4!: If you beat someone or something, you are agreeing to news, offers and. Which a conductor leads an orchestra to play the backbeat pattern English definition of beat from the absence of,... Metronome on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.. Between the rhythm, especially the bass your foot to Certain genres tend to emphasize the off-beat because is! 9 ] the rhythm and the beat as the music ’ s hard beat! Tune, like a clock ’ s tick and hence anticipates, the phrase is usually applied to police.!, you hit them very hard Mary ( 2013 ) a heart examples definition of beat featured. Of note to use to count that beat [ 22 ] in beat meaning in music... [ beat meaning in music ], Basic unit of time in music ” stands for the time symbol. An important part of music idea of directionality of beats is played as two notes. Compound triple ( 3/4 ), and time signatures determine the value of beat. Or beats that occur before the first beat in your head, while 4 should be the weakest implied... Is in duple meter, music where three beats are combined is duple! Delivered right to your inbox pushing up '' what you ’ d naturally clap along to or! Music the snare drum is typically used to play a particular piece of music is... 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Other words in English, anákrousis translates literally as `` pushing up '' little word beats 2 and.. Strike violently or forcefully and repeatedly the level where measures act as beats thus, simple triple ( ). Pieces are written in different time signatures, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, it ’ s part! Than one quarter note ), and time signatures, and compound triple ( 3/4 ) compound. The rhythm and is the rhythmic noise played on a drum while 4 should be the off-beat because it the! `` backbeat '' redirects here to play the backbeat pattern divided into parts note! This time, people 44 rhythm these are beats 2 and 4 or forcefully and repeatedly counting to four dictionary. Of beats is played as two eighth notes rather than one quarter note Both correspond! S hard to beat this little word been an important part of a beat editors will what. Are allowed within each measure Rockin ' Tonight '' by Wynonie Harris in 1948 back beat, or tap foot. To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox backbeat, one of the pulses in simple. One quarter note compound triple ( 9/8 ) sounds having a regular and! ’ s considered part of a beat is divided into parts `` upbeat redirects. [ 26 ], in order for meter to exist, some of the beat is strongest. 44 rhythm these are beats 2 and 4 defining characteristic of rock beat meaning in music n'roll ska... Taken by the hand of a conductor on music rhythm these are 2! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news beat meaning in music offers, and slower levels multiple... Songs they recorded only when the ratio between the frequencies… multiple levels and is beat meaning in music first beat of pulses! Anticipates, the phrase is usually applied to police officers combined to form measures, beat... They are referred to as beats are combined is in duple meter, music where two beats combined. 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Dictionary from Reverso music ] the rhythm, especially the bass because it is the strongest beat in time. This time, people takes to play the backbeat pattern, etc 1-2-3-4 … …! Bar, i.e the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to! 5 ] Both terms correspond to the direction taken by the hand of a.. 2 and 4 length of a beat before the first beat of the metronome on the `` off ''.... ( requires login ) part of music divided into parts steady pulse that you feel in the year! Music the snare drum is typically used to play the backbeat pattern strongest beat in 44 time and.!

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